Mineralogy: A First Course by John Sinkankas
Mineralogy: A First Course
Paramorphs, pedions, pegmatites, pinacoids, polybasites, polymorphs, pseudomorphs, pyritohedrons, pyroxeniods... Oh my!
If you've advanced beyond the beginner stage and are ready to more deeply explore, understand and appreciate the scientific wonderland of minerals and mineralogy, then Mineralogy: A First Course is a timeless reference that you will value on your bookshelf. This 587 page tome encompasses the full sweep of mineralogy, from the atom to the collection of actual specimens. All the intricacies of the how, where, and why of crystals are covered and explained in Mineralogy: A First Course by master writer and renowned authority John Sinkankas. Hundreds of specially prepared photographs and drawings by the author illustrate and closely supplement the text. You will appreciate and enjoy John Sinkankas's approach to mineralogy as you learn how atoms form crystals, why crystals possess certain properties which distinguish them from each other, what to look for in the way of identifying habits, features and sizes, and where to look for excellent specimens. John Sinkankas writes in his characteristically clear and logical style to reduce technical language to a minimum. Instructions for making home-made testing devices such as specific gravity beam and Jolly balances are included, and the functions of devices used in optical mineralogy are explained and described.
Mineralogy: A First Course is organized in two major parts. Chapters in Part I - Mineralogy include Chapter 1 Introduction: Mineralogy as a science - The development of mineralogy - The ages of metal - Mineralogy in classical times - Mineralogy in the middle ages - Modern mineralogy - Descriptive mineralogy - Physical mineralogy - The development of crystallography - The atomic structure of minerals - Some preliminary definitions - The importance of collections - Types of collections; Chapter 2 Atoms and Minerals: Atomic particles - Atomic complexity - Electron shells - Elements - Loss or gain of electrons - Ions and valence - Atomic bonds - The design of crystals - Atomic patterns - Radicals or complex ions - Silicate tetrahedra - Isomorphism - Solid solution - Polymorphism - Non-crystalline minerals - Summary; Chapter 3 Classification of Minerals: Classification by ions - Mineral formulas and chemical composition - Mineral compound names - Major mineral classes; Chapter 4 Crystal Growth: Crystals from melts, solutions and vapors - How crystals grow - Development of faces - External imperfections of crystals - Internal imperfections of crystals - Crystal and aggregate habits - Twinning; Chapter 5 Geometry of Crystals: Development of crystallography - Cell shapes and systems - Crystal axes - How faces are related to axes - Axial ratios - Locating faces on crystals - Axes and symmetry - Reflection of crystal structure in faces - Faces and forms - The crystal systems - The contact goniometer; Chapter 6 Physical Properties: Fractures - Cleavages - Partings - Hardness - The effects of heat - Magnetism - Electrical properties - Radioactivity; Chapter 7 Specific Gravity: Determination of specific gravity - Homemade beam and Jolly balances - Use of heavy liquids - Selection of test specimens - Application of results; Chapter 8 Optical Properties: Nature of light - Color - Streak - Photoluminescence - Triboluminescence - Paths of light - Refractive index - Dispersion - Interference - Double refraction - Polarized light - Pleochroism - Dicroscopes - Polariscope - Axial figures - Measuring refractive indices - Immersion method - Gem refractometer - Polishing test specimens - Luster and other reflective effects; Chapter 9 The Formation and Association of Minerals: Mineral formation - Rock environments - Rock-mineral associations - Igneous deposits and associations - Sedimentary deposits and associations - Metamorphic deposits and associations; Chapter 10 Identification Procedures and Tests: Identification scheme - Importance of associations - Chemical testing - Bead tests - Fusion tests.
Part II - Descriptive Mineralogy covers nearly 300 mineral species. The most likely to be encountered during personal collecting activities in the field, or placed in collections through exchanges or purchases are accorded fullest treatments. The selection of specific data within mineral descriptions is also aimed for amateur use, laying greatest emphasis on properties readily determined within the limited means of the average home laboratory. A description of each species is accompanied by photographs of typical specimens, and drawings which clearly indicate their faces and the angles they make to each other. These descriptions include derivations of mineral names, their pronunciation in current usage, the distinctive features of each mineral, and those tests which represent the simplest and most direct methods the amateur can employ to identify unknowns. The major classes of minerals covered in Part II include the Native Elements; Sulfides; Sulfosalts; Oxides and Hydroxides; Halides; Carbonates; Borates; Sulfates; Chromates; Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates; Tungstates and Molybdates; and Silicates.
Appendix A includes 15 pages of Identification Tables of Color-luster - Habits of crystals and crystal aggregates - Fractures, cleavages and partings - Hardness and related properties - Streaks - Specific gravities - Refractive indices and related properties, And commonly fluorescent species to expedite the identification of specimens. Appendix B includes a 8-page bibliography of selected references for further reading and study including Mineralogy and Petrology, Localities and Deposits, Gemology and Lapidary, History of Mineralogy, and Magazines and Journals. A 15 page topical index of Mineralogy: A First Course is also provided.
We have limited quantities of Mineralogy: A First Course available for sale. This book was also published under the title Mineralogy for Amateurs. These books are out of print - all copies are used and vary in condition as noted.